Usually once a home is built, the builder hands the keys over to the new owner and unless there’s a problem, the builder moves on to the next project. However, in the case of a straw-bale built home in Peterborough, the home has been lived in for the past year and all water and energy consumed has been recorded. The goal was to see if, in fact, the home is Canada’s greenest home. You can read all about its features in the article I wrote last year. Chris Magwood, director of the Endeavour Centre, whose students built the home emphasizes that it’s not supposed to be a competition, it’s meant to demonstrate that building a green home is achievable using currently available technology that is locally available.
Posts Tagged ‘solar panels’
Ever since the microFIT program was introduced in Ontario I’ve noticed that every time I go to a home show there are more and more solar panel installers. Five years ago I used to joke that home shows were all about appliances and hot tubs. I suppose that now I can add solar panels and installers to the mix. If you’re not familiar with the microFIT program, I’ve written about it before. In short, the Ontario government will pay you $0.80.2/kWh generated, for up to 20 years.
With all these new solar installer businesses popping up, I had to wonder, How do you go about looking for a reputable solar panel installer? And what about the solar panels themselves? How do you know what the right one is? There are several different manufacturers of solar panels, so how do you choose?
I contacted Aaron Goldwater of Goldwater Solar and asked him a few questions about solar panels. He’s been in the solar water business for many years and has installed thousands of kilowatts of photovoltaic panels.
- What are some of the qualities that separate a reputable solar panel installer from an organization that opened up shop just to take advantage of the microFIT program? Are there any certifications available?
Currently, there are is a certification that some installers may have from NABCEP (North American Board of Certified Energy Practitioners), however it is a more common certification in the U.S. There are courses offered by CanSIA (Canadian Solar Industry Association) but no official accreditation offered through them. One way to determine if the company has been in business for a while would be to check how long they have been a member of CanSIA. Asking for references is always recommended and if you can get a referral from someone that goes a long way. In order for any company to comply with all the rules, the connection has to be done by a certified electrician. However, an electrician doesn’t always choose the equipment used. I would recommend doing some background research into the equipment (panels/inverters/racking) before making a decision as there are a lot of companies out there offering panels that have only been in the business a short while. Even though they offer a 25 year warranty on performance, they may not be around once the industry matures.
- Have you ever heard of any bad installations where roofs have leaked afterwards (where they affix the panel hardware to the roof?)
I have not heard of leaks caused by solar installations. Generally the manufacturers of the racking systems have a careful method for attachment to roofs that include a flashing that is more than adequate for protecting the roof. A solar installation can actually protect the roof and extend the shingle longevity since it is usually the heat and UV exposure which causes them to degrade with time. The panels block the UV and lower the temperature of the roof because they are taking the sun’s energy and converting it to electricity. A recent study in California also showed that Solar PV can reduce a building’s cooling load by as much as 38%.
- What are some of the main factors that make up a good quality solar panel? How much electricity should a standard-sized individual solar panel be generating?
Panels range in size up to as high as 300W each. These days, typically installers are using panels that are between 220 – 250W. Panels are usually rated by efficiency and the average panel is around 14 to 15% efficient. Checking the warranty of a panel is a good idea. Most offer a workmanship warranty of 5 years (although some now offer 10 years) and a power output of 80% of their original value at year 25.
- Is there any way to check and see if your house is situated for maximum solar panel electricity generation? Does Google Earth have that ability?
Google Earth is a great tool for seeing if you have an ideally orientated roof for solar PV. A lot of installers use it as an initial assessment tool to determine if a site is suitable. Due south is ideal, but east and west can work too with about 80% overall production of a south facing roof. A typical panel is about 3’x5′ so you can even use google earth to determine how many panels you can fit on the roof with the measuring tool. At Goldwater Solar we use Google earth to assess orientation, potential shading, system sizing, and then we use PVWatts (an easy to use online PV calculator) to estimate production. We then send a proposal to the customer so they can evaluate if its worth it for them to pursue it any further. We then submit an application to the Ontario Power Authority on their behalf to begin the process (free of charge).
- How can you figure out how much wattage your roof can generate? Does it depend on the solar panel you choose? (Are some more powerful than others?)
I would go with the 3’x5′ (3’4″ x 5’4″ to be more exact) measurement per panel and assume 240W per panel. Again, you can do this with google earth.
- Is maintenance an issue? Do you need to be able to clean the solar panels every so often?
- Which is a better method of generating power when using more than one panel, in series or parallel?
Performance of the array and whether you string panels in series or parallel will depend on the inverter (what converts the panel’s DC electricity to AC electricity). Their ability to convert DC to AC is what will determine how the array performs. Whether it is parallel or series doesn’t matter though from a panel standpoint since when you string them together in parallel you add the amperage and when they are in series you add the voltage. The power output is voltage x amperage so the total output (watts) would be the same regardless.
- Regarding the microFIT program: do you know if there is a long wait to get hooked up to the grid once you’ve received the approval from the ministry?
The process can take a while. In our experience, the OPA application approval can take anywhere from 1 month to 3 months to get approval. Once you receive approval (and actually they now request that you do this first now) you need to apply to connect to your Local Distribution Company (LDC), a fancy acronym for hydro company. This application approval review can take anywhere from 1 week to 2 months depending which behemoth you are dealing with. Once you have this approval the solar company can begin their installation and the Electrical Safety Authority (ESA) then comes to inspect that the system was installed according to code. The ESA then notifies the LDC and the LDC then installs the meter base (usually 1 to 2 weeks before they get in to do it). Then the LDC then informs the OPA that the project has been done (around 1 week). Finally the OPA then will send you a notice telling you that they will be issuing you the final contract soon. Then in about a week to 10 days the OPA issues you the final contract which the customer has to approve online. So you can see with all the different parties involved, it can literally take as long as 6 months to get a project finalized!
Thanks for the tips Aaron!
|Goldwater Solar Services||Goldwater Solar Services North
|231 Fort York Blvd, Suite 716
Toronto, ON M5V 1B2
CanadaPhone and fax: +1-416-400-4747
|38 Algonquin Cres.
Aurora, ON L4G 3M5
CanadaPhone and fax: +1-647-520-4942
For more information, visit Goldwater Solar’s website.
The other day, I paid a visit to Eco Alternative Energy, a solar energy store that I’ve passed on numerous occasions, usually while making a pit-stop to St. John’s Music for my guitar-obsessed son. I’d gone in to see what they had to offer – expecting that most of their customers were cottagers and urban treehuggers. The last time I spoke with some renewable energy vendors (about four years ago) they told me that the majority of their customers were golf courses and farmers because they could write off the equipment as a capital expenditure. For the homeowner the usual $40,000 investment didn’t justify the monthly electricity savings. My, how times have changed.
Premier McGuinty introduced the Green Energy Act last year. I had assumed that the act applied exclusively to businesses or people with a large amount of property. But it applies to business owner or homeowner or anyone with some property and southern exposure, no trees or high rises in the way.
The Green Energy Act: The province of Ontario implemented what is considered to be one of the most progressive energy policies in North America. Under the micro FIT program, anyone can apply to sell electricity back to the grid by producing renewable electricity for a pre-determined price. Depending on which method of renewable energy you choose will determine the return rate. Currently, most of us buy electricity for less than 10 cents per kilowatt hour.
The idea behind the act is to promote people and businesses living and working in Ontario to help develop clean power generation. By promoting renewable, non-polluting energy production, the province accomplishes a few different goals:
- Less dependence on coal or nuclear power for energy
- The ability to shut down one of the largest polluting power plants in North America (Nanticoke)
- Clean energy production
- No cost overruns to be supported by the tax payer because the producer is responsible for construction and operation of the renewable energy method they choose to provide.
Clearly the government is keen on solar because by far it’s the most generous payback at 80.2 cents per kilowatt hour. The Green Energy Act has different pay scales for different sized systems using different energy sources. For instance, small scale wind only pays about 13.5 cents per kilowatt hour, and micro hydro is 13.1 cents per kilowatt hour. For complete details on how the micro FIT program will work, you can read all about the program here.
Cost of solar panels: Derek at Eco Alternative Energy gave me a table on the estimated rate of return on solar panels. Note that purchase prices are subject to change and do vary, so check directly with Eco Alternative Energy when considering purchasing. Also, the Micro FIT program is only available to Ontario residents and must be approved by your local utility before proceeding if you’re intending to sell the electrcity back to the grid.
Eco Alternative Energy sells a system in which each panel is individually hooked up to an Enphase Micro Inverter which means the panels work independently of each other as opposed to working in series (like Christmas tree lights of old, where the whole strand went out if one light was burnt out). This means you’re maximizing your electricity production. You also have access to your solar panel production online so you can monitor your panels to see if every thing is working properly. See table below for pricing and ROI (note: Rate of Return on Investment is calculated by dividing the annual income by the investment cost including a degradation rate of 0.5% each year. Additional hydro set up charges may apply. Roof mounted systems include Enphase micro inverters. Prices do not include taxes and are subject to change without notice. A separate quote is available for a flat roof. This table was provided by Eco Alternative Energy.
|System Type||Annual Production||Average Daily Production||Feed-in Tariff Annual Income (ROI)||Installed Price|
|2.2 kW’s = 10x220w panels||2,726 kwh||7.4 kwh||$2,085.46 (10.8%)||$19.336.16|
|3.3 kW’S = 15x220w panels||4,089 kWh||11.2 kWh||$3,128.18 (11.6%)||$26,931.28|
|4.4 kW’s = 20 x 220w panels||5,452 kWh||14.9kWh||$4,170.91 (12.5%)||$33,447.17|
|5.5 kW’s = 25 x 220w panels||6,815 kWh||18.6 kWh||$5,213.64 (12.7%)||$41,131.55|
|7.7 kW’s = 35 x 220w panels||9,540 kWh||26.1kWh||$7, 298.33 (13.2%)||$55,135.05|
105 Vanderhoof Ave., Unit 7
Toronto, Ont., M4G 2H7